Topic Specific Vocabulary-Environment

by | Apr 2, 2020 | Vocabulary, Environment

Topic Specific Vocabulary-Environment

 

Environment Vocabulary- Topic Specific Vocabulary-Environment
  • Global warming – The rise of average Earth temperatures.
  • Droughts – It is a state or condition when human demands for water exceed its natural availability.
  • Deforestation – Deforestation is the clearing of trees without the intent of replanting them.
  • Biodiversity – is the variety of all living things on Earth which include plants, animals, and microorganisms.
  • Extinction – Certain species no longer exist on the planet.
  • Habitat – the natural environment of a plant, animal, or another organism.
  • Ecosystem – any community of living and not living things that work together.
  • Ozone layer – a belt of naturally occurring ozone gas that sits above the earth and serves as a shield from the harmful ultraviolet radiation.
  • Carbon footprint – The amount of greenhouse gases emitted by something during a given period of time.
  • Hazardous waste – Dangerous unwanted or unusable material, substances, or by-products.
  • Contamination – the action or state of making or being made impure by polluting or poisoning.
  • Pesticides – chemicals that kill or manage pests.
  • Landfill – Landfill is an area of land that is used to dispose of waste.
  • Renewable energy sources – A renewable energy source is a natural source which will replenish to replace the portion depleted by usage and consumption.
  • Tidal energy – a power produced by the surge of ocean waters during the rise and fall of tides.
  • Fossil fuels – a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.
  • Climate change – changes in the Earth’s weather patterns.
  • Acid rain – rain that contains dangerous chemicals because of smoke from cars and factories.
  • Industrial waste – damaged, defective, or superfluous material produced by industry.
  • Urbanization – the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more and more people begin living and working in central areas.
  • Biodegradable – Capable of being slowly destroyed and broken down into very small parts by natural processes, bacteria, etc.
  • Environmentalist / Environmental activist – a person who works to protect the natural world from pollution and other threats.
  • Natural disaster – a sudden and terrible event in nature (such as a hurricane, tornado, or flood) that usually results in serious damage and many deaths.
  • Hybrid cars – cars in which two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine+electric motor are used.
  • Fertilizers – a substance (such as manure or a special chemical) that is added to soil to help the growth of plants.
  • Rainforest – a tropical forest that receives a lot of rain and that has very tall trees.
  • Chemicals – substances obtained by a chemical process or producing a chemical effect.
  • Sustainable agriculture – is the act of farming based on an understanding of ecosystem services, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment.
  • Adverse environmental effects – abnormal, harmful, or undesirable impact on the environment.
  • Climate change mitigation – consists of actions to limit the magnitude or rate of long-term climate change.
  • Emissions – substances discharged into the air (as by a smokestack or an automobile engine)
  • Exhaust fumes – gases ejected from an engine as waste products;
  • To conserve energy – use energy carefully in order to prevent loss or waste;
  • Toxic – containing poisonous substances;
  • To recycle – to send (used newspapers, bottles, cans, etc.) to a place where they are made into something new;
  • The three Rs concept – reducing, reusing, recycling.
  • Toxic waste – poisonous waste.
  • Dump waste – dispose of in an irresponsible manner.
  • Searing heat – extreme heat.
  • Dire consequences – extremely serious results.
  • Food miles – distance food has to travel between where it is grown or made and where it is consumed.
  • Offsetting carbon emissions – paying for an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide to be saved elsewhere (eg petrol and battery).
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