Vocabulary Ans 16 apr 2021

by | Apr 16, 2021 | Today's Exercise

Useful interview expressions answers:

Agreeing with somebody13   17   18   23   26   30
Disagreeing with somebody10 (followed by your opinion)    11    16    19    24 (followed by your opinion)    29    33 (slightly more forceful)
Interrupting9    28    35 (You shouldn’t interrupt too often. In any case, during the interview the examiner will leave you to do most of the talking
Asking for clarification or repetition6    12    22    32    36 (don’t just say What? or Huh?
Asking somebody for their opinion5    14    37
Saying something in another way3    8    20    21    25    27 (this can also be used for summing up)
Giving yourself time to think1    7    21    34
Summing up2    4    15    31

Spelling Answers

A.

1. advise = advice

Many English words can be nouns and verbs without change in spelling. However, some words which end in “-ice” are nouns and which end in “-ise” are verbs. For example: Practice (Noun); Practise (Verb).

2. acheive = achieve

A lot of English words use a combination of “i” and “e”. The order of these letters can be confusing.

In most words where these letters are pronounced as ee (as in cheese), the ‘i’ comes before “e” (for example thief, field, belief, piece) when there is “c” in the word the “e” comes before “i”  (For example; ceiling, conceit, receive, deceive).

However, not all words follow this rule. Exceptions include caffein, protein, neither, either, and seize).

When the letters are pronounced “ay” (as in hate), the “e” comes before the “i” (for example: weigh, veil, neighbour, eight).

There are other words which must be learned individually. These are: foreign, forfeit, height, heir, leisure, their, surfeit, sovereign.

3. aquire = acquire

A lot of English words contain silent letters – in other words, a letter which we do not pronounce when we say the word. There are very few rules to tell you which is which, so you must learn each word individually or use a dictionary to check the spelling of a word if you are not sure.

Some common example of silent letters include:

Silent “A” : February, parliament, marriage.

Silent “B”: Comb, Bomb, womb, doubt

Silent “C”: conscience, scene, discipline, scissors

Silent “D”: Wednesday, Handsome

Silent “G”: Campaign, Design

Silent “H”: Ghost, School, Vehicle, Rhythm

Silent “I”: Business, Hygiene, Nuisance

Silent “N”: Autumn, Column, Condemn

Silent “T”: Listen, Mortgage

Silent “U”: Biscuit, Colleague (Which also has a silent “e” at the end) Guarantee, Guess

Silent “W”: Answer, Whole

Silent “GH”: Though, Thorough, Weigh, Height

4.

Swiming =  Swimming

We double the last letter of single syllable words ending with a single vowel and a single consonant when we add a suffix (e.g. -ing):

Swim – Swimming    Run – Running    Dip – Dipped

We usually do the same thing if a two-syllable word is stressed on the second syllable:

Begin – Beginning

Regret – Regrettable

Prefer – Preferring

We do not double the last letter in the following cases”

-when a word ends with w, x, or y

-when the suffix begins with a consonant (eg. Bad – Badly)

-when a word ends with “L” and the suffix “-ly” is added. (eg. Playful – Playfully)

-when two vowels come before the final consonant (eg weep – weeping)

5. Theifs = Thieves

Most nouns are regular. This means that we add an “s” to make them plural (eg car-cars). However, some nouns are irregular – we either do not add an “s” to the word to make it plural or we add “s” plus some other letters.

-In nouns which end with “a consonant” and “Y”, the “Y” changes to “i” and we add “s”:

Party – Parties    Baby – Babies    Worry – Worries

-In nouns which end with “s”, “sh”, “tch”, and “x” we add “es”:

Bus-buses   dish-dishes   watch-watches   box-boxes

-In some nouns which end in f or fe

Calf-calves   half-halves    knife – knives   life-lives   wife – wives

-In some words which ends with “o”, we add “es”

Cargo-cargoes, echo-echoes, hero-heroes

-Some words do not change at all:

Fish, Deer, Sheep

And some words have their own individual rules:

Man-men, child-children, Woman-women, Person-people

6. Hopeing = hoping

We drop the “e” from a word when a suffix which begins with a vowel (eg. -ing) is added to a word which ends in a consonant plus a silent “e”:

Hope-hoping, tape-taping, give-giving, immature-immaturity

We also drop the “e” from a word when a suffix which begins with a vowel is added to a word which ends in a vowel plus a silent “e”.

Continue-continuity, pursue-pursuing, argue-arguable.

When a suffix begins with a consonant (eg. -ment) we do not usually drop the “e”, although there are some excpetions (eg. Awe-awful, true-truly)

7. Happyness = Happiness

We change the “y” to “i” when it follows a consonant and a suffix is added (eg. Happy-happiness)

We do not usually change the “y” to “i” when “y” follows a vowel (eg. Play-playful) or when the suffix added is -ing (eg. Pry-prying).

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